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romania city in usa

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[80][81] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. The birth rate (9.49‰, 2012) is much lower than the mortality rate (11.84‰, 2012), resulting in a shrinking (−0.26% per year, 2012) and aging population (median age: 41.6 years, 2018), one of the oldest populations in the world,[352] with approximately 16.8% of total population aged 65 years and over. [317] The number of tourists has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according to the Worldbank. List of cities in Romania by population 2019 2020. [326][327], In 2014, Romania had 32,500 companies active in the hotel and restaurant industry, with a total turnover of €2.6 billion. Cold and strained during the early post-war period, U.S. bilateral relations with Romania began to improve in the early 1960s with the signing of an agreement providing for partial settlement of American property claims. Letters written in 1753 and 1755 by Benjamin Franklin attest to the fact that the two had met and had carried on discussions concerning electricity. Explore Bucharest's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Deep inside the city, you will find open-air Village Museum close to Lake Herastrau. Also check out our website just for ranking top lists with best, worst, and most … When traveling in Romania we didn't know what to expect, but we were blown away. The time in Romania is now 12:47:17am Calling Romania from the United States explained: 011 - US exit code; dial first for international calls made from the USA or Canada World champions include Lucian Bute, Leonard Dorin Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, and Michael Loewe. The oldest known surviving document written in Romanian, a 1521 letter known as the "Letter of Neacșu from Câmpulung",[23] is notable for including the first documented occurrence of the country's name: Wallachia is mentioned as Țeara Rumânească (old spelling for "The Romanian Land"; țeara from the Latin terra, "land"; current spelling: Țara Românească). [72][73] The reliability of the Gesta is debated. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2014", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2", "target audience - Demographic Information", Romanian Tribune Newspaper – published in Chicago for the Americans of Romanian heritage, Heritage Organization of Romanian Americans In Minnesota, List of Romanian communities in the United States, In celebration of 125 years of U.S. Romanian Diplomatic Relations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romanian_Americans&oldid=991837539, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [328] More than 1.9 million foreign tourists visited Romania in 2014, 12% more than in 2013. [178] Romanian and German troops massacred at least 160,000 local Jews in these territories; more than 105,000 Jews and about 11,000 Gypsies died during their deportation from Bessarabia to Transnistria. [425][426] Certain traditional recipes are made in direct connection with the holidays: chiftele, tobă and tochitura at Christmas; drob, pască and cozonac at Easter and other Romanian holidays. [134] Bishop Andrei Șaguna proposed the unification of the Romanians of the Habsburg Monarchy in a separate duchy, but the central government refused to change the internal borders. [206][207] In April 1990, a sit-in protest contesting the results of that year's legislative elections and accusing the NSF, including Iliescu, of being made up of former Communists and members of the Securitate grew rapidly to become what was called the Golaniad. [111][112] The neighboring powers forced him to abdicate in September, but he became a symbol of the unification of the Romanian lands in the 19th century. [309] With one of the largest reserves of crude oil and shale gas in Europe[310] it is among the most energy-independent countries in the European Union,[311] and is looking to expand its nuclear power plant at Cernavodă further. [10] The majority of these immigrants particularly those from Transylvania and Banat that were under Austro-Hungarian rule left their native regions because of economic depression and forced assimilation, a policy practiced by Hungarian rulers. But it can make for a wonderful summer destination as well. Ceaușescu even publicly condemned the action as "a big mistake, [and] a serious danger to peace in Europe and to the fate of Communism in the world". My name is Madalina. [398], In the 20th century, a number of Romanian artists and writers achieved international acclaim, including: Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco,[399] Mircea Eliade, Nicolae Grigorescu, Marin Preda, Liviu Rebreanu,[400] Eugène Ionesco, Emil Cioran, and Constantin Brâncuși. News. [135], The Treaty of Paris put the Danubian Principalities under the collective guardianship of the Great Powers in 1856. [427] Țuică is a strong plum brandy reaching a 70% alcohol content which is the country's traditional alcoholic beverage, taking as much as 75% of the national crop (Romania is one of the largest plum producers in the world). The charges for which they were executed were, among others, genocide by starvation. [141] The Great Powers acknowledged Romania's full independence at the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in 1881. [215] In November 2015, massive anti-corruption protests which developed in the wake of the Colectiv nightclub fire led to the resignation of Romania's Prime Minister Victor Ponta. [252][253], The justice system is independent of the other branches of government and is made up of a hierarchical system of courts with the High Court of Cassation and Justice being the supreme court of Romania. [195][196][197], In 1948, the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture. At the Cannes Film Festival, The Death of Mr. Lazarescu by Cristi Puiu won the Prix Un Certain Regard in 2005,[410] while 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days by Cristian Mungiu won the festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, in 2007. [169][170], The 1938 Munich Agreement convinced King Carol II that France and the United Kingdom could not defend Romanian interests. [316], Tourism is a significant contributor to the Romanian economy, generating around 5% of GDP. It is a home to the country’s oldest university and the first engineering school. [172] Romania was forced to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union on 26 June 1940, Northern Transylvania to Hungary on 30 August, and Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria in September. During this period the regime launched several campaigns of purges during which numerous "enemies of the state" and "parasite elements" were targeted for different forms of punishment including: deportation, internal exile, internment in forced labour camps and prisons—sometimes for life—as well as extrajudicial killing. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. [6], The first Romanian known to have been to what is now the United States was Samuel Damian (also spelled Domien), a former priest. [9] It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. The NUTS-1 (four macroregions) and NUTS-2[279] (eight development regions) divisions exist but have no administrative capacity and are used instead for coordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. [127][126] Uniate and Orthodox clerics and laymen jointly signed a plea for the Transylvanian Romanians' emancipation in 1791, but the monarch and the local authorities refused to grant their requests.

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